Planet earth has officially reached a human population of 8 thousand millions. By the way, this Tuesday, 22nd, in Luanda, a workshop on the subject was held, during which the government advanced the result of a study carried out by INE, which predicts that the Angolan population should reach 44 citizens in 2030 .
It was on the 15th of November of the current year that the world celebrated this milestone that entails the need for a review of national development plans at a global level.
The Ministry of Economy and Planning (MEP) carried out, in partnership with the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) the Workshop with the theme “A world of 8 billion people”, with the aim of reflecting on the impact, the consequences and opportunities that arise with this new reality.
In his speech at the opening of the event, the Director of the Office for Population Policies (GPP) of the MEP, Adriano Celso Borja, explained that Angola currently has around 33 million inhabitants, representing 0.45% of the world’s population, but that could grow to 44 and 72 million by 2030 and 2050 respectively, according to projections by the National Statics Institute (INE) and the United Nations Population Data Division.
According to Adriano Celso Borja, the above data show the need to “prepare for a safe demographic transition, reflect on how to sustain and make the growing population prosperous, and see how to capitalize on the demographic dividend”.
Data from INE indicate that around 65% of the Angolan population is young in working age. For this reason, the Director explains that the Government should, in the coming years, focus on “creating conditions to increase the supply of goods and services to improve the quality of education, and improve the health sector (mainly family planning) so that young people can turn the demographic dividend into a demographic bonus.
A study of the demographic dividend recently carried out in the country predicts that, if these efforts are made towards economic diversification and growth, Angola could reach a GDP per capita of USD 24,600 in 2054, compared to USD 4,300 registered in 2014. , in rural areas, conditions for access to land by young entrepreneurs to generate income and jobs.
In urban areas, support should be given to young people to promote activities in the areas of agribusiness, food processing and software development, among other activities.
This view is shared by UNFPA which reiterated that never in human history have there been so many young people in the world. However, the UNFPA Assistant Representative in Angola, Marina Coelho, warned of the need to pay special attention to ensuring human rights around the world, with emphasis on women who still see their rights denied or even in regression, especially in lower- and lower-middle-income countries, where most of the growth from 7 billion to 8 billion has taken place.
According to data shared by Etelvina Correia from UNFPA during the event, the world population will continue to grow despite the decrease in the pace of growth. It is predicted that by 2080 the world will reach 10.4 billion people and that sub-Saharan Africa will account for more than half of global growth by 2050.
The workshop on world population also featured presentations by the Deputy Director General of INE, Hernany Luís, and the Head of the Disease Control Department of the National Directorate of Public Health, José Martins.