The African Heads of State who participated in the Luanda mini-summit, where peace and stability in the DRC were discussed, gave the M23 rebel group an ultimatum and a ceasefire, until this Friday, November 25th.
The presidents also decided, in case of non-compliance, the leaders will activate the force appeal mechanism to bring peace to the East of the Democratic Republic of Congo.
The heads of state of Angola, the DRC and Burundi, who met in the country’s capital, Luanda, last Wednesday, the 23rd, also recommended the immediate safeguarding of the M23, its disarmament and the reintegration of its troops into the society.
The leaders who participated in the Luanda mini-summit, in a statement, decided within 48 hours to call a ceasefire, with the reintegration of the M23 rebels. The Statesmen and representative of the African Union and SADC, warned that if, within this period, the normalization is not achieved, they will activate the Troops of the SADC Region and the Great Lakes to intervene in the conflict in the East of the DRC.
The President of Rwanda, who was largely absent, was one of the main players in these hostilities. Paul Kagame, sent his Minister of Foreign Affairs to this meeting that took place on the 23rd.
The climate of tension between the DRC and Rwanda has re-emerged in the relationship between the two countries in recent months, after the resumption, last March, of fighting between the DRC army and the rebel group March 23 Movement, more known as M23. The two countries accuse each other of supporting a military insurgency to destabilize each other, with Kinshasa denouncing Kigali’s alleged military support for the M23, an accusation denied by Rwanda. The level of tension between the two countries rose even more, after the expulsion of the ambassador of Rwanda from the DRC.
João Lourenço joins Paul Kagame and Tshisekedi in Luanda in the quest for Peace in the DRC